Quick Answer: What Food Causes Kwashiorkor?

What are the causes of kwashiorkor?

What causes kwashiorkor.

The main cause of kwashiorkor is not eating enough protein or other essential vitamins and minerals.

It’s most common in developing countries with a limited food supply, poor hygiene, and a lack of education about the importance of giving babies and children an adequate diet..

What causes PEM?

Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a common childhood disorder and is primarily caused by deficiency of energy, protein, and micronutrients. PEM manifests as underweight (low body weight compared with healthy peers), stunting (poor linear growth), wasting (acute weight loss), or edematous malnutrition (kwashiorkor).

What causes kwashiorkor and marasmus?

Causes of marasmus and kwashiorkor The main cause of both of these conditions is a lack of access to food. Some things that may affect a person’s access to food include: famine. a caregiver’s inability to get food due to lack of transportation or a physical inability.

What foods help repair kidneys?

Here are 20 of the best foods for people with kidney disease.Cauliflower. Cauliflower is a nutritious vegetable that’s a good source of many nutrients, including vitamin C, vitamin K, and the B vitamin folate. … Blueberries. … Sea bass. … Red grapes. … Egg whites. … Garlic. … Buckwheat. … Olive oil.More items…•

What food can cure kwashiorkor?

Kwashiorkor can be corrected by eating more protein and more calories overall, especially if treatment is started early. You may first be given more calories in the form of carbohydrates, sugars, and fats. Once these calories provide energy, you will be given foods with proteins.

What should I eat for protein deficiency?

Healthy Low-Protein Foods to IncludeFruits: Apples, bananas, pears, peaches, berries, grapefruit, etc.Vegetables: Tomatoes, asparagus, peppers, broccoli, leafy greens, etc.Grains: Rice, oats, bread, pasta, barley, etc.Healthy fats: Includes avocados, olive oil and coconut oil.

What is difference between kwashiorkor and marasmus?

Marasmus occurrence increases prior to age 1, whereas kwashiorkor occurrence increases after 18 months. It can be distinguished from kwashiorkor in that kwashiorkor is protein deficiency with adequate energy intake whereas marasmus is inadequate energy intake in all forms, including protein.

How can marasmus be prevented?

Prevention. The best way to prevent marasmus is to have an adequate intake of calories and protein, preferably from a healthful, well-balanced diet.

What are the types of PEM?

Types include:Kwashiorkor (protein malnutrition predominant)Marasmus (deficiency in calorie intake)Marasmic kwashiorkor (marked protein deficiency and marked calorie insufficiency signs present, sometimes referred to as the most severe form of malnutrition)

What are two reasons for PEM?

Protein-energy malnutrition or PEM is the condition of lack of energy due to the deficiency of all the macronutrients and many micronutrients. It can occur suddenly or gradually. It can be graded as mild, moderate or severe. In developing countries, it affects children who are not provided with calories and proteins.

What diseases are caused by lack of protein?

Based on available literature the researcher arrived at conclusion that insufficient of protein may cause various health problems such as kwashiorkor, marasmus, impaired mental health, edema, organ failure, wasting and shrinkage of muscle tissues, and weakness of immune system.

What is PEM?

Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) is defined as an unintentional loss of 10% or more of body weight in a period of six months or less and/or serum albumin levels of less than 3.5 grams per decilitre (g/dl) (Hudson et al., 2000).

What are the signs of protein deficiency?

Signs and symptoms of protein deficiencySkin, hair and nail problems.Loss of muscle mass.Increased risk of bone fractures.Bigger appetite and increased calorie intake.Risk of infections.Fatty liver.May inhibit proper body growth in children.

Is it bad to drink 2 protein shakes a day?

The short answer is yes, you can have more than one protein shake per day. … If you’re a veggie or vegan who struggles to hit your daily protein needs or need an alternative to grabbing a sugary snack mid-afternoon, an extra protein shake could be just what you need.

Why does kwashiorkor cause swollen belly?

Kwashiorkor is a severe form of malnutrition associated with a deficiency in dietary protein. The extreme lack of protein causes an osmotic imbalance in the gastro-intestinal system causing swelling of the gut diagnosed as an edema or retention of water.